How to paint:

When starting a project, you might be tempted to jump right into the painting, but prepping is very important and is necessary for a professional finished product.  Most of a good paint job is in the prep and creating a good surface for the paint to adhere to. Also, without the required sanding and priming on different kinds of trim, the paint may peel right off no matter what grade of paint you use.

Before you begin to paint a brand new house's exterior, make sure that whatever form of siding or stucco exists has been properly sealed, caulked, primed, or in the case of stucco, cured. Paint won't stick to improperly prepared surfaces, or areas that are dirty, chalky or that haven't cured.

If you're going to be doing a re-paint on an older home, examine each wall and trim-board for chips, scratches, places where the paint is peeling off, water damage, mold etc... You can eliminate water stains by covering them up with a stain-blocking oil-based primer in a spray-can or other form.Pressure-washing the exterior of a home is vital to prepare for spraying the outside of the home. Any dirty areas or film whatsoever will inhibit the paint from adhering. If you don't take the time to prep properly, the consequences could be extensive.

Before you paint:

Even after you have properly sanded, wiped, pressure-washed, primed etc, there are a few things to prep before you paint. On the outside of your home you must caulk every crack, seam, corner, and especially above the windows and the top edges of trim! This will keep moisture from getting inside of the house and siding and wreaking havoc on your home. On the inside of your residence, make sure and caulk all of the cracks between the wall and trim-boards, around all of the windows, as well as all of the joints within the trim. Sometimes the corners of the room have cracked out due to the settling of the home, and require a bit of attention. Caulking diligently can make the house much more energy efficient and eliminate drafts and bug problems. It will also make the finished product of the paint job appear much more professional.

If the interior walls have chips, dents, or flaking, scrape off the flaking areas and use either drywall mud or spackle to fill the area. Allow the material to dry and sand it down flat with the surrounding wall. Both materials require priming before painting.

Make sure and replace any rotten boards on the exterior of your house with fresh ones, and caulk them in properly. They then need to be primed with the proper product. Some kinds of wood have more oils inside them than others and require an oil based primer to seal the oils within them, or else they will appear to have stains on them. Cedar is especially oil-rich and is used primarily because of its bug-repelling qualities.


Gotta Prime

Many surfaces require primer before painting. Raw wood in any form needs to be sealed before it is painted. Sometimes people use flat paint to seal wood, but it is much better to use actual primer because it has more binder and resin in it. This will allow it to stick better and will provide a great surface for the topcoat to adhere to. Primer helps to go over old paints, and helps to lock the layers in.

Many times, you can use a latex primer and it will work great for wood and vinyl siding. Many paint producing companies have made great strides in improving the formulas for latex paints and primers over the years. This is quite handy for cleaning up tools and bodies when the task is done. Always read the label on the side of the products you are using to see what the dry-times and cure-times are for each product. The label should also have information on what types of material is recommended for that product to be applied to. 

Occasionally, you may require an oil-based primer to cover water stains or to get a really strong bond to the surface you are painting. You'll need mineral spirits or some form of paint thinner to clean up in that case.

When painting:

Before you go and buy all the paint you think you'll need for your project, purchase a quart of the color you fancy. Then put up a few samples of it around the room you are doing to see how you like it. Many times, a color will look good on a paint swatch, but won't be satisfactory on the whole room. To avoid this annoying circumstance, putting samples on different walls will be of great help. Also, the time of day and lighting set ups in different room changes the color qualities of the painted walls. Another issue to look into is painting the ceiling white, or a lighter color than the rest of the room. This helps the room to feel more open and not so constricted and enclosed. Also, the darker the walls, the smaller the room feels/appears.

Make sure and move everything out of the way before you paint. Remove all of the pictures from the walls, take off all of the light-switch plates and plug-ins, move any furniture that might be in the way, and cover anything with plastic that you don't what to move. Wipe down the trim and remove any dust form all area before painting. Make sure and use a large drop cloth to cover the floor, so that no drips will ruin your carpet. Sometimes a wide flying latex drop of paint can be scrubbed out of a carpet with hot water and a rag.

It is always good to set up an area as a station near your project that has everything you'll need in it. This way you won't be always running back and forth into the work area searching for tools and possibly tracking paint around your home. Have all of your brushes, tapes, caulking guns, scrapers, screwdrivers, drywall mud, mineral spirits, ladders, rollers, paint, rags, and painting trays all there in one spot that is easy to get at, but not in the way.

Sometimes it is difficult to figure out exactly how much paint you need. Paint can be expensive, but so can driving back and forth to the store. Always save some of the extra paint in the original can for future use in touch-ups, and so that if you require more of the same product, you will have the formula for the color right on hand.

Certain tools work better for certain jobs. Most professional painters use lamb's wool roller-covers because they are highly absorbent and will hold more paint. This allows the painter to roll more wall with less dips. Lamb's wool roller-covers are better at preventing the roller from spraying drops of paint around when rolling the wall. Also, the thickness of the knap on the roller cover will leave different shapes and sizes of stipple on the wall (the texture in the paint left by the roller), as well as affect how much paint the roller will hold at one time. 

When painting, make sure and dress for the occasion. You will most likely get some paint on you, and it is always a bummer to destroy good clothes and shoes.

Also, many times when going from one color to the other, or even when changing the tone of the color, the wall will require two coats of paint. Some people will tint the primer to match the topcoat, and some will just use two coats of the topcoat. Depending on the sheen of the topcoat (how shiny the dried product appears), a painter will decide which process is best for which job. Usually if the topcoat is eggshell or higher in sheen, it is necessary for two coats of the same product to be applied to get the uniform consistent sheen desired. Of course shiny paint doesn't usually seal up drywall and other materials, so pre-priming is required. Usually a bit more trouble is required for shinier paints to look good, but they are usually more durable than flat paints, and will appear lees chalky due to oxidation over time.

There are many ins and outs of painting that only professionals know that will affect the finished product. If you have any questions ask us on our contact page! We will be happy to help. J.J.

Primo Painting